How to Harvest and Store Beets

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Beet harvest

Harvest beets when root tops are 1 to 1½ inches in diameter but not more than 3 inches in diameter. Beets that are allowed to get much bigger than 3 inches (7 cm) across often become tough and fibrous.

When to Harvest Beets

  • Beets mature 45 to 60 days after sowing.
  • Beets are cool-season plants that grow best at temperatures between 60° and 65 °F (15-18°C).
  • Beets do not grow well and flavor will suffer if grown where daytime temperatures are consistently greater than 80°F (26°C).
  • Where winters are mild and the soil is well-drained, leave beets in the ground as long as possible.
  • Where the ground freezes, lift beets before the soil freezes or protect them under a 12-inch (30 cm) thick layer of mulch–leaves, straw, or hay—that covers the planting bed and extends out 18 inches (45 cm) or more. If protected from freezing, the mulch can be pulled back during the winter and roots lifted.
  • Beets stored in the garden must be harvested before new top growth begins in spring. Roots stored in the ground should be used within a day or two of harvest.

How to Harvest Beets

  • It’s best to pull beets when the soil is dry. Pull or lift roots carefully from the garden so as not to break or injure them. Use a garden hand fork to loosen the soil around the roots if necessary.
  • Twist off the greens after lifting the roots. Cutting away the top of the root will cause it to bleed. Removing the tops before storage will greatly extend storage life.
Beet harvest store beets
Gently rub soil from the roots before storing them. Don’t wash roots before you store them; if you do, be sure to dry them thoroughly.

How to Store Beets

  • Store the best roots; damaged or bruised roots will not store well and should be eaten soon after harvest. Gently rub soil from the roots before storing them. Don’t wash roots before you store them; if you do, be sure to dry them thoroughly.
  • Store beets in a cold moist place as near to freezing as possible without actual freezing, 32°-40°F (0°-4°C) and 95 percent relative humidity.
  • Store beets in the refrigerator placed in a perforated plastic bag in the vegetable crisper drawer. Beets will keep in the refrigerator for 1 to 3 months.
  • If there is no room in the refrigerator, beets can also be packed in a container—a bucket or plastic storage box or cooler–in moist sand, peat moss, or sawdust. Don’t pack roots too tightly; if the roots touch they can start to rot; be sure to leave 2 inches (5 cm) of insulating material around at the top, bottom, and sides of the stored roots. Set the lid loosely so that there is good air circulation and place the container in a cold place such as a basement, garage, or shed.
  • Check roots in storage often and remove any that show signs of deterioration.

More tips at How to Grow Beets.

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.


Comments are closed.
  1. Thank you so much for a great, informative website. Today, I learned about harvesting all kinds of root veggies from you, and have just ordered your book through your affiliate link. If it’s anywhere near as informative as your website, it will be a valuable addition to my gardening library. Thank you again!

    • Thanks for those kind words and thanks for reading Harvest to Table. I do think you will find the books helpful. Happy Gardening!

  2. Sawdust? We always let ours lay on a cool concrete floor out of the light uncovered over the winter, we never covered them with anything and they were all fine. No rotting. Sawdust will absorb moisture, retain heat. Why would you cover anything much less root vegetables with that?

    • I’m going to given this a try! I just purchase 40 lbs of beets for less than $4. Hoping to be able to enjoy “freshish” beets well into the winter

  3. I thought I had read that I needed to cut the beet greens as close to the beet as possible, without exposing the beet, before storing in sand. But now I have tentacles growing up through the sand, and my friend says that I need to do something about that. Was I supposed to cut right to the beet? The beets are in sand in an open storage container in my crawlspace, which is quite cool and humid.

    • You made the right cut. The container must be exposed to light which has triggered the plant to regrow the top. You can clip the top (but not into the beet) and you could a cardboard box over the top to make sure light does not get to the roots.

    • Many gardeners save seeds each year and share them with fellow gardeners. If you don’t have a trusted source or are unsure of the source of the seeds, it is probably best to buy seed from a commercial seed grower with a good and long reputation–such as Baker, Burpee, Eden Bros., Ferry-Morse, or Seeds of Change.

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