How to Harvest and Store Eggplants

Eggplant Black Beauty

Eggplant for harvestHarvest eggplant young as soon as the skin becomes glossy. The flesh of young eggplant will be more tender and the seeds smaller. The plant will produce more fruit if kept picked.

When to Harvest Eggplant

  • Harvest eggplants when they are firm and glossy and big enough to eat—about one-third their maximum size.
  • To test eggplant fruit for maturity, press the fruit with your thumb; if the flesh springs back it’s green and not ripe; if your thumb leaves an indentation, the fruit is overripe; the best tasting eggplant will be in between.
  • A just ripe eggplant when sliced will have soft, well-formed but immature seeds; an immature and unripe eggplant will have no visible seeds; an overripe eggplant will have hard, dark seeds. (Seeds forming inside the fruit cause the skin to go from shiny to dull.) Both an under-ripe and overripe eggplant will be bitter tasting.

It is better to harvest eggplant just before its ripe than to wait too long.

Harvesting eggplant
Cut eggplant fruits from the plant with a garden pruner or sharp knife.

How to Harvest Eggplant

  • Cut eggplant fruits from the plant with a garden pruner or sharp knife. Leave one inch of green stem attached to the fruit.
  • Eggplants are very difficult to pull away from the plant by hand; doing so can damage the plant.
Rinse the fruit clean, pat it dry with a kitchen towel, and place it in a perforated plastic bag to keep it from drying out.

How to Store Eggplant

  • Store eggplants in a room with high humidity to preserve texture and flavor and avoid dehydration. The optimal temperature for storing eggplant is 55°F (13°C). At 55°F, eggplants will keep for 1 to 2 weeks.
  • You can store eggplant in the refrigerator but not cooler than 50°F (10°C). Rinse the fruit clean, pat it dry with a kitchen towel, and place it in a perforated plastic bag to keep it from drying out. (Refrigerators are cold and dry, not humid.)
  • If exposed to temperatures below 41°F (5°C), eggplants will develop surface pits, bronzing, brown spots, and decay.
  • Eggplant fruit discolors rapidly when cut open, so it’s best to use it immediately once sliced.
  • Avoid storing eggplants with apples or tomatoes; ethylene (a natural plant hormone released in the form of a gas) given off by those fruits will cause eggplants to brown and decay.

More tips: How to Grow Eggplant.

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.


Comments are closed.
  1. Hi Steve,
    Thanks for the wonderful work.
    My eggplants produced only once in March, Plants are still flowering but no fruits for the last month or so (even the temps were better last month). Now the temp in days is ranging 16-17C and nights are about 5C in Sydney. I beleive the eggplants are not going to fruit so Should I remove the plants to make room for new plants like spinach raddish etc.
    The plants are 2ft heigh and health.
    Same question regarding Okras. i want to remove and sow winter stuff. thanks very much

    • The temperatures you note are too cool for eggplant. Eggplants demand temps at least 21C. You are moving into the cool time of the year where you live. It is time to plant cool-season crops–leafy greens and root crops.

      • Thanks Steve.
        An interesting bit to share is that I went to remove the plants a week after my previous comment but I noticed a fruit so I left the plants as it is. Now the plants have produced about 8 or so fruits even when the night temps regularly ranging 4-5C and day temps have not gone above 17-18C. The last fruit is about 2 weeks old.

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