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Springtime is a season of bare earth as well as a season of flowers and abounding life. Whether it is an entire garden devoted to spring flowers that is being planned or just a small portion of the garden, spring bloomers can interrupt the sparseness of vegetation and a mix of color.

Bulbs will usually dominate in early spring and many will remain until the end of spring. Early wildflowers such as iris, trillium, and anemone should be encouraged in spring; this is their natural season.

Low growing perennials such as creeping phlox and hardy candytuft can supplement spring bulbs.

Flowers planted in spring are likely to give a second and even third bloom if the faded blossoms are removed promptly. Many will continue to grow into summer.

Not listed here are spring-blooming shrubs and trees. They are listed separately in other articles; go to the Index to find those articles.

This list of spring-blooming flowers is aimed at gardens near 40 degrees North latitude (this latitude runs from Toms River, New Jersey, through Philadelphia, through Columbus Ohio, through Boulder, Colorado to Humboldt County in far northern California).

You may find that the plants on this list bloom a bit earlier or later than the time designated. Gardeners further north will find that their flowers will bloom later, and gardeners to the south will have earlier blooms.

Annuals and perennials assigned to early spring may bloom through spring and some may bloom into summer, especially if blooms are deadhead. Deadhead means to remove spent blossoms so that a plant can produce more.

If you find a plant named in an early list repeated in a later list that simply means the plant can be set in the garden if it was not introduced earlier. It can also mean if the plant was listed earlier, it is long blooming.

Here are separate lists for early spring, mid-spring, and late spring. These lists include annuals, bulbs, perennials, and roses.

White-pink flowers of a Chionodoxa in spring.

Early spring blooming flowers

Fresh bright pink bleeding heart (Dicentra spectabilis) blossoming in spring.

Mid-spring blooming flowers

Beautiful blossoms of yellow tall bearded iris flowers.
Beautiful blossoms of yellow tall bearded iris flowers.

Late-spring blooming flowers

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.

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How To Grow Peas

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How To Grow Zucchini and Summer Squash

How To Grow Onions

How To Grow Potatoes

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Summer Blooming Flowers