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How to Grow Arrowhead Vine — Syngonium

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Syngonium, sometimes called arrowhead vine, is a tropical climbing or trailing vine with fleshy stems that grow to 6 feet (2m) or more tall. Lovely, arrow-shaped leaves may be green or variegated and from 3 to 12 inches long.

Syngonium leaves change shape as the plant matures; young plants are solid and triangular, the leaves on older plants become deeply cleft forming from three to nine leaflets.

Syngonium can be grown as a houseplant supported by a stake or in a hanging basket. In tropical regions, it can be grown outdoors as a groundcover or climbing plant to cover a wall.

Syngonium is a genus of 33 species of evergreen climbers native to tropical Central and South America.

Get to know Syngonium

  • Plant type: Tropical trailing or upright evergreen perennial
  • Growing Zones and range: Zones 10-11
  • Hardiness: Tender
  • Optimal growing temperature: day 70°F (21°C), night 55°F (13°C)
  • Light: Medium to bright indirect light
  • Height and width: 3 to 6 feet (1-2m) tall
  • Foliage: Arrow-shaped leaves on long stalks to 12 inches (30cm) long; vining stems can grow to 15 feet (4.5m) long
  • Use: Houseplant, hanging baskets
  • Common name: Syngonium, Nephthytis, arrowhead vine
  • Botanical name: Syngonium podophyllum
  • Family: Araceae
  • Origin: Tropical Central and South America

Where to plant Syngonium

  • Light outdoors: Plant Synogonium om dappled or partial shade.
  • Light indoors: Grow Syngonium in medium to bright indirect light.
  • Soil outdoors: Plant Syngonim outdoors in fertile, moist soil
  • Soil indoors: Grow Syngonium in an all-purpose potting mix. Give the plant a wooden slab to climb.

How to water and feed Syngonium

  • Water Syngonium to keep the soil evenly moist—less moist in winter.
  • Fertilize Syngonium 2 to 3 times in summer when growth is active.

Syngonium care

  • Prune Syngonium frequently to promote the growth of young leaves.

Growing Syngonium as a houseplant

  • Give Syngonium bright light, a warm temperature, and medium to high humidity.
  • Water moderately and allow the soil to dry between waterings.
  • Fertilize Syngonium regularly in spring and summer.

Syngonium common problems

  • Mealybugs and spider mites can be a problem. Knock pests off with a strong spray of water or spray plants with insecticidal soap.
  • If growth is spindly, move the plant into more light.
  • Leaf markings tend to fade as the plant grows older.

Syngonium propagation

  • Propagate Syngonium from cuttings.

Syngonium varieties to grow

  • Syngonium auritum. Trailer or climber; grows to 10 feet tall; arrow-shaped glossy mid to deep green leaves.
  • S. erythrophyllum. Climber grows 6 to 10 feet talll dark green leaves; green and white spathes.
  • S. macrophyllum. Cliber with ovate mid-green leaes grows 6 to 10 feet tall.
  • S. podophyllum, arrowhead vine. Climber or trailing grows 3 to 6 feet tall; arrow-shaped leaflets, dark green above. Several cultivars: some cultivars have solid green leaves, others have pale yellow or creamy veins, others have white or gold speckles.

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.

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