How to Grow Ginger Lily — Hedychium

Sharing is caring!

Hedychium–commonly called ginger lily–is a tropical bulbous perennial that bears showy, fragrant and tubular clusters and spikes white, yellow, or orange-red flowers in spring and summer.

Hedychium flowers are tubular and almost trumpet shape with two lips and large bracts, borne in spike-like racemes. The flowers appear on reed-like stems above lance-shaped leaves. Some species can grow to 15 feet (5m) tall and 6 feet (2m) wide.

Hedychiums are most effective when planted in groups or in a mixed or herbaceous border. Where not hardy, they can be grown as houseplants and places outdoors in summer.

Hedychim is a genus of about 40 species of rhizomatous perennials from moist, wooded areas of Asia.

Get to know Hedychium

  • Plant type: Rhizomatous perennial
  • Growing zones and range: Zones 8-11
  • Hardiness: Half-hardy
  • Height and width: 3 to 15 feet (1-5m) tall and 24 inches to 6 feet wide, depending on the variey
  • Foliage: Lance-shaped, mid-green leaves
  • Flowers: Fragrant, tubular orange or yellow flowers in desne terminal, cylindrical racemes to 20 inches (50cm) long
  • Bloom time: Summer to autumn
  • Uses: Beds, borders; houseplant
  • Common name: Ginger lily, garland lily
  • Botanical name: Hedychium
  • Family name: Zingiberaceae
  • Origin: Wooded areas of Asia
Garland lily, Hedychium coronarium
Garland lily, Hedychium coronarium

Where to plant Hedychium

  • Light outdoors: Plant Hedychium in full sun.
  • Light indoors: Grow Hedychium in bright indirect light.
  • Soil outdoors: Grow in humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil.
  • Soil indoors:Plant in a soil-based potting mix.

When to plant Hedychium

  • Plant Hedychium rhizomes in spring.

Planting and spacing Hedychium

  • Space Hedychium 24 inches to 6 feet wide depending on the variety.

How to water and feed Hedychium

  • Water Hedychium freely during the growing season. In winter, keep the soil just moist.
  • Feed Hedychium with a balanced liquid fertilizer monthly.

Hedychium care

  • Shelter Hedychium from wind.

Growing Hedychium as a houseplant

  • Several species can be grown as houseplants: Hedychium coronarium, garland flower, H. flavescens, yellow ginger, H. gardneranum, Kahili ginger.
  • Hedychium prefers warm temperature, bright light, and average to high humidity.
  • Grow Hedychium in an extra-rich, soilless medium and keep it constantly moist.
  • Fertilize Heychium monthly

Hedychium pests and diseases

  • Hedychium can be attacked by spider mites, aphids, mealy bugs, and scale insects.
  • Root rot and leaf spot can occur.

Hedychium propagation

  • Propagate Hedychium by dividing rhizomes.

Hedychium varieties to grow

  • Hedychium coronarium, garland flower, white ginger. Leaves to 2 feet long and 5 inches wide; butterfly-like flowers are pure white and bloom in rounded blusters; outdoors plant can grow to 10 feet tall..
  • H. flavescens, yellow ginger. Lance-shaped leaves to 18 inches long; rounded clusters of 4-inch flwoers are yellow with a dark base;
  • H. gardnerianum, Kahili ginger. Leaves to 18 inches long; flwoer spikes contain yellow flowers with red stamens; outdoors plant can grow to 7 feet tall.

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.

How To Grow Tips

How To Grow Tomatoes

How To Grow Peppers

How To Grow Broccoli

How To Grow Carrots

How To Grow Beans

How To Grow Corn

How To Grow Peas

How To Grow Lettuce

How To Grow Cucumbers

How To Grow Zucchini and Summer Squash

How To Grow Onions

How To Grow Potatoes

How to Grow Flame Lily — Gloriosa

How to Grow Bellevalia