Crabgrass Organic Weed Control

Crabgrass 1

Crabgrass is an annual summer weed. It infests lawns, vegetables gardens, ornamental gardens, orchards, and vineyards.

Description and Life Cycle:

  • Plant 4/5 to 1⅓ inch tall.
  • Stems (called culms) are erect and prostrate.
  • Flat, pale green leaves, either smooth or covered with coarse hairs; membranous sheath on the inside of leaf blade.
  • Leaves alternate on stem.
  • Commonly forms a dense mat.
  • Shallow rooted.
  • Florets grow in terminal racemes on upright stems, often purple; blooms late summer.
  • Reproduces by seed and by roots growing from swollen joints in the stems.
  • Single plant can produce 8,000 seeds.
  • Prefers dry and sandy soil.

Root System: Crabgrass has a shallow central root. Stems sprawl like a crab from the crown. The plant can set down new roots from swollen joints or nodes along the spreading stem.

Organic Control:

  • Dig out crown of plant and remove the central root and all stems.
  • Pull up plants before they set seed. Stopping seed production is the best control.
  • Mulch with wood chips or landscape fabric to block sunlight and seed germination; spread a fine mulch 2 to 3 inches thick.
  • Remove any plants that emerge from mulch before they spread new seed.

Range: Throughout the United States with exception of southern Florida and Southwest.

Botanical Name: Digitaria, various species

Four Quick Ways to Control Weeds:

  1. Weed early. Control weeds in the first month after they germinate.
  2. Weed often. Hand weed every two weeks through the season.
  3. Weed by hand when the soil is wet (best to get roots).
  4. Use a hoe if the soil is dry. Decapitate weeds before they flower and drop seed.


Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.

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