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    Apple Pruning

    Pruning fruit tree1

    Apple trees are best pruned in winter when they are dormant. Young apple trees can grow narrow and erect or open and spreading. At maturity, the apple tree will be spreading. Prune young narrow and erect apple trees by cutting branches just above buds which are pointed away from the center of the tree. Prune […] More

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    Apples: Kitchen Basics

    Apple slices2

    Apples for eating out of hand, apples for baking and cooking, apples for sauce and juice, apples to serve with savory dishes and apples for dessert: there is an apple for every use. Apples that ripen early, apples that ripen mid-season, and apples that ripen late for eating right into winter: there is an apple […] More

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    Thinning Apples

    Apple cluster

    Too many apples? Sometimes, yes. The best way to get large, delicious apples is thinning the crop. Thinning Apple Basics Thin the fruit to a distance of twice the diameter of the fruit at maturity. If you expect the mature apples to be 3-inches across, leave 6 inches between each apple after thinning. If you’re […] More

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    Quince: Kitchen Basics


    Cooked quince has a sweet, delicate musky aroma with a flavor somewhere between an apple and a pear. Quince is often used in jams, jellies, and preserves. You can also use quince in cobblers or tarts or add it cubed to beef stew or roasting poultry. The quince is not good eating raw. Give it […] More

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    Pawpaw: Kitchen Basics


    What would you think of a creamy, custard-like fruit that tastes like a combination of banana, mango, pineapple, melon, and berries? The pawpaw—which is a native North American tree fruit—is just such a fruit. Sounds tropical, but the pawpaw is a temperate—meaning not tropical—tree that is native to the Mississippi Valley, a swath of the […] More

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    Gravenstein Apple

    Apple Gravenstein1

    The Gravenstein apple is one of the earliest—if not the first—apple to ripen in the Northern Hemisphere each year. It comes to harvest as early as late July and early August, a good month or two ahead of most fall-harvest apples. Considered one of the best all-around apples, the Gravenstein has a crisp, slightly acidy, […] More

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    Winter or Late-Season Apple Varieties

    Apple trees autumn1

    There are more than 7,000 varieties of apples but not all of them come to harvest at the same time. In the course of a year, there are actually three apple harvests: an early-season harvest, a mid-season harvest, and a late-season harvest. The harvest for early-season apple varieties begins in mid-summer and peaks in late […] More

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    Pears: Kitchen Basics

    Pears Bartlett1

    Taste pears. There will be one that is just right for you. There are more than 5,000 varieties of pears. Of course, it is unlikely that you will ever be in the presence of more than a half-dozen varieties at once—even at the farm market. But, nonetheless, the taste of a pear can linger in […] More