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How to Grow Haworthia

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Haworthias are small, easy-to-grow plants. They form a spiky rosette of upright, spotted, or striped, succulent leaves. Haworthia grows in matlike groups. Their distinctive foliage shapes and patterning make them delightful additions to a window garden. 

HHowarthias bear small, tubular to funnel-shaped white flowers in loose racemes

Haworthia is a genus of about 160 species of dwarf, basal-rosette, more or less stemless perennial succulents.

Get to know Haworthia

  • Plant type: Succulent evergreen perennial
  • Growing Zones and range: 10-11
  • Hardiness: 35℉ (1.7℃)
  • Optimal growing temperature: day, 68° to 80°F (20° to 27°C); night, 50° to 70°F (10° to 21°C). 
  • Light: Bright to medium light; no direct sunlight
  • Height and width: 3”- 8” tall and wide, depending on the type
  • Foliage: Forms rosettes of sharply pointed, flesh brownish to green leaves with a network of white veins
  • Flowers: Occasional white blooms atop slender stems
  • Uses: Houseplant, outdoors in warm regions
  • Common name: Pearl plant, wart plant 
  • Botanical name: Haworthia
  • Family: Liliaceae
  • Origin: Namibia, South Africa

Where to plant Haworthia

  • Grow Haworthia in bright to medium light, but not direct sunlight.
  • Indoors grow Haworthia in bright, indirect, or filtered light from eastern or western exposure. 
  • Grow Haworthia in cactus soil in shallow pots.
Haworthia fasciata, zebra Haworthia
Haworthia fasciata, Zebra Haworthia

How to water and feed Haworthia

  • Water whenever the soil surface feels dry to the touch. From early summer to mid-fall, the plant’s rest period, water only when the soil feels dry to 1 inch below the surface.
  • Let the soil dry moderately between thorough waterings. Avoid overwatering.
  • Haworthia wants humidity of 20% to 25%. 
  • Feed Haworthia oce a year, in spring, with phosphorus-rich fertilizer; for plants at least 1 year old. 

Haworthia care

  • Pot-on Haworthia when roots occupy ½ of pot space, in spring. Remove dead leaves. 
  • Haworthia rests from winter to early spring. Keep Haworthia in a cool place at about 60°F (16°C). Water only enough to keep leaves from shriveling. 

Growing Haworthia as a houseplant

  • Haworthia fasciata grows well as a houseplant.
  • Give Haworthia bright to direct light or grow it under fluorescent light.
  • Maintain a warm daytime temperature, a cooler temperature at night, and low humidity.
  • Allow the soil to dry between thorough waterings.
  • Fertilize Haworthia once a year in spring or summer.

Haworthia pests and diseases

  • Check for aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, root rot, scale. Haworthia is usually trouble-free.

Haworthia propagation

  • Propagate Haworthia by offsets; separate offsets and pot them up.

Haworthia varieties to grow

  • Haworthia attenuata. Clump-formingl narrow, dark green leaves marked with white dotted warts; dull pink flowers.
  • H. cymbiformis. Tapering smooth or finely toothed leaves; has semi-transparent bumps on the tops of leaves; pinkish-white flowers.
  • H. faciata (zebra hawworthia, fairy washboard). Low rosette of dark green leaves, 2 inches (5 cm) long, marked with even bands of white dots; greenish white blooms.
  • H. limifolia (fairy washboard). Stiff, triangular, dark green leaves in a flattened rosette; white bands are less distinct than in H. fasciata
  • H. margaritifera (pearl plant). Erect clusters of 3 inch (8 cm) long, pointed leaves, with scattered white dots. grayish green to reddish-brown leaves are spotted and striped.
  •  H. reinwardtii (wart plant). Closely packed, small, wedge-shaped leaves on a 6-inch (15 cm) stem; undersides bear irregular patterns of white dots. H. retusa; fine white teeth edge the sides of rosettes; green keeled white flowers.
  • H. setata (lace haworthia). Small stemiess rosettes of many leaves; bristly white teeth give it a lacy look.
  • H. subfasciata. Triangular leaves to 5 inches (13 cm) long, with rows of translucent spots on the lower leaf surface. 

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.

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