How to Grow Argyranthemum – Marguerite

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Argyranthemum–commonly called Marguerite daisy–is a subtropical evergreen subshrub that is grown for its display of prolific daisy-like flowers. Argyranthemum is sometimes confused with and sold as chrysanthemums.

Argyranthemum bears loose corymbs of daisy-like single, sometimes anemone-centered or double flowerheads in white, rose-pink, yellow, or apricot. Plants grow from 18 to 36 inches (45-90cm) tall and wide and are nearly completely covered with blossoms when in bloom. The leaves are entire to finely dissected or lobed; they vary from green to glaucous.

Argyranthemum can be grown in beds and borders in frost-free regions. They grow best in moderately fertile, well-drained soil in full sun.

Argyranthemum is a genus of 23 species of spreading to erect evergreen subshrubs native from the Canary Islands to Madeira.

Get to Know Argyranthemum

  • Plant type: Evergreen subshrub
  • Growing zones and range: Zones 10-11
  • Hardiness: Tender; grow in frost-free regions
  • Height and width: 12 to 36 inches (30-90cm) tall and wide
  • Foliage: Finely dissected or coarsely lobed green leaves 2 to 4 inches (5-10cm) long
  • Flowers: Loose corymbs of daisy-like singl, sometimes anemone-centered or double flowerheads in white, rose-pink, yellow, or apricot colors
  • Bloom time: Spring to early autumn
  • Uses: Bedding, borders, containers
  • Common name: Marguerite daisy
  • Botanical name: Argyranthemum
  • Family name: Asteraceae
  • Origin: Canary Islands and Madeira
Pink Marguerite daisy, Argyranthemum frutescens
Pink Marguerite daisy, Argyranthemum frutescens

Where to Plant Argyranthemum

  • Light outdoors: Plant Argyranthemum in full sun.
  • Soil outdoors: Grow in well-drained moderately fertile soil.
  • Argyranthemum species will tolerate sea winds.

When to Plant Argyranthemum

  • Set container-grown outdoors Argyranthemum oudoors in spring or summer

Planting and Spacing Argyranthemum

  • Space Argyranthemum 24 to 36 inches (60-90cm) apart.

How to Water and Feed Argyranthemum

  • Water Argyranthemum moderately; keep the soil evenly moist and avoid letting the soil dry out.
  • Fertilize Argyranthemum will a liquid all-purpose fertlizer montly duirng the growing season.

Argyranthemum Care

  • Where marginally hardy, apply a deep, dry winter mulch.
  • Take cuttings as insurance against winter loss; if top-growth is killed to the gound, plants will regenerate from the base in spring.
  • Pinch out the growing tips to encourage compact growth.
  • Plants can be trained as standards.

Argyranthemum Pests and Diseases

  • Coarse-leaves specis of Argyranthemum are prone to crown gall and leaf miner,
Pink Argyranthemum frutescens
Pink Argyranthemum frutescens

Argyranthemum Propagation

  • Root greenwood or semi-ripe cutting of non-flowering shoots in late summer or midspring.
  • Overwinter young plants in a cool greenhouse.

Argyranthemum Varieties to Grow

  • Argyranthemum foeniculaceum. Compact subshrub grows to 32 inches (80cm) tall and wide with finely dissected blue-gray leaves; white flower heats sligtly more than 1 inch across; yellow disc florets.
  • A. frutescens. Rounded subshrub, grows to 28 inches (70cm) tall and wide; coarsely disected bright green flowers and profuse whie or pink flowrheads with yellow disk florets.
  • A. gracile, A. ‘Chelsea Girl.’ Compact subshrub to 24 inches tall and wide; gray-green leaves; bears white flowers with yellow disk flowers.
  • A. maderense. Compact subshrub to 12 inches tall and 20 inches wide; bears lemon-yellow flowerheads. Cultivars include ‘Mary Cheek’ with light pink flowers, ‘Mary Wootton’ with light pink flowerheads, ‘Petite Pink’ with light pink flowerheads, ‘Snowstorm’ with white flowerheads.

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.

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