October Garden in the Southern Hemisphere

Garlic seedlings
Garlic seedlings in early spring

October is the month of greatest change in the southern hemisphere vegetable garden; spring is here.

Now is the time to plant with the summer reward in mind. Plant tomato, eggplant, capsicum, cucumber, sweet corn, marrow, melons, zucchini, and pumpkin this month in all but the coldest regions of the southern hemisphere.

Plant beets and radishes. Water them well and feed them with compost tea every two weeks going forward.

Plant salad mix and continue to plant them every two weeks for successive crops that you can begin to harvest in just a few weeks.

Plant cucumbers next to low walls or fences. Place pumpkins among corn to provide living mulch which will keep the soil cool and moist. Plant beans where they can begin to twist their way to the top.

Pile up extra straw and compost around potatoes as they begin their spring growth.

Place coddling moth traps in apple and pear trees now.

Cucumber seedlings started indoors

October Planting List for the Southern Hemisphere:

Here is a planting schedule by region for the Southern Hemisphere in October:

Temperate regions: Vegetables: beans, beets (beetroot), cabbage, cape gooseberry, capsicum (sweet pepper), carrots, celery, celeriac, chicory, chayote (choko), chilies, cress, cucumber, eggplant, endive, leeks, lettuce, marrow (courgette), melons, mustard, spring onion, parsnip, peas, pumpkin, radish rhubarb crown, rosella, salsify, Swiss chard (silverbeet), squash, sweet corn, sweet potato, tomato, zucchini. Herbs: basil, borage, caraway, celeriac, chamomile, chervil, chicory, chilies, chives, coriander, dill, fennel, hyssop, lemon balm, oregano, parsley, salad burnet, thyme.

Tropical and subtropical northern regions: Vegetables: beans, beets (beetroot), buckwheat, cabbage, cape gooseberry, capsicum (sweet pepper), carrots, celery, celeriac, Chinese cabbage, choko (chayote), cress, cucumber, eggplant, fennel, lettuce, marrow, melons, mustard, okra, parsnip, peas, potatoes, pumpkin, radish, rhubarb crowns, rosella, silverbeet (Swiss chard), spring onion, squash, strawberry runners, sweet corn, sweet potato, tomato, zucchini. Herbs: basil, borage, caraway, chamomile, celeriac, chervil, coriander, dill, hyssop, lemon balm, marjoram, oregano, salad burnet, thyme.

Cooler southern regions: Vegetables: artichokes, beans, beet (beetroot), Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cape gooseberry, capsicum (sweet pepper), carrots, celery, celeriac, cress, cucumber, eggplant, endive, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, marrow, okra, spring onion, parsnip, peas, potato tubers, radish, rhubarb crowns, rutabaga (Swedes), salsify, Swiss chard (silverbeet), spinach, squash, sweet corn, tomato, zucchini. Herbs: basil, borage, caraway, celeriac, chamomile, chervil, chives, coriander, hyssop, lemon balm, oregano, parsley, salad burnet, thyme.

October Harvest Schedule for the Southern Hemisphere:

Here is a roundup of vegetables and fruits ready for harvest during October in the Southern Hemisphere: Vegetables: Artichoke, asparagus, beet (beetroot), broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrot, celeriac, celery, Chinese cabbage, lettuce, peas, Swiss chard (silverbeet), spinach. Fruit: Avocado, cape gooseberries, lemons, limes, mandarins, mango, mulberry, navel oranges, paw paw, raspberries, strawberries, tangelos.

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.


Comments are closed.
  1. Any tips for growing in Hawaii? And soil conditioning
    I’m new to gardening but I am looking forward to the challenge that Hawaii’s climate will bring.
    Mahalo for any advice.

    • Visit a nearby garden center for suggestions on varieties that will grow well in your region, as well as suggested planting times for each crop. You may want to test the soil for pH level and for clay or sand and then amend the soil with aged compost or a commercial organic planting mix. If rainfall is significant in your location consider planting in mounded or raised beds; you can also protect crops from heavy rain by having a portable plastic tunnel ready.

  2. The tomato is a perennial plant–in its native subtropical homelands–so, yes, after a rest period following fruiting, the tomato should flower and set fruit again. Like many herbaceous perennials, however, the tomato is not long-lived, meaning three or so years and the course of it’s life will be run. That is, no doubt, the reason tomato fruits are so very seedy; the plant intends to re-seed itself and live on through its progeny. For you, the gardener, that means saving and sowing the seed of your best and tastiest tomatoes–adding the human hand to the cycle of nature.

  3. I wish I had read this blog before I planted my kitchen garden here in auckland. i thought it would be about the same as planting anywhere else, but I have never seen tomatoes flower in only a month and enjoying fruit so quickly!! What I am wondering, will we be able to let the same plant go into vegetative state and then harvest from it again?
    I have written some info in my blog. Check it out and let me know what you think, the article is called, gardening in the southern hemisphere.

How To Grow Tips

How To Grow Tomatoes

How To Grow Peppers

How To Grow Broccoli

How To Grow Carrots

How To Grow Beans

How To Grow Corn

How To Grow Peas

How To Grow Lettuce

How To Grow Cucumbers

How To Grow Zucchini and Summer Squash

How To Grow Onions

How To Grow Potatoes

Cabbage seedling

Planting Cabbage

Harvest roots

October Garden in the Northern Hemisphere