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    Weather and When to Plant

    Vegetable garden planting is simply based on the premise that cool weather crops need cool weather to mature and warm weather crops need warm weather. Most vegetable gardeners need a year or two of trial and error plantings and attentive record keeping to know when is the best time to plant in their garden. To […] More

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    Plant Roots: A Guide to the Basics

    The health of a plant depends upon its roots. The yield of vegetables and fruits depends upon roots. Roots supply water and nutrients to a plant. Roots also support and anchor a plant to the soil. A root originates at the lower portion of a plant embryo or seedling. Root tips and tiny root hairs—which […] More

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    Leaf Mold for the Garden

    Leaf mold is shredded flakes of partially decomposed leaves and tree litter. It is brownish black and on its way to becoming humus, one of the building blocks of great soil. Leaf mold can be used as a soil conditioner or as mulch in vegetable gardens and other planting beds. Leaf mold enriches and fertilizes […] More

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    Vegetable Crop Soil pH Tolerances

    Vegetables and other plants grow best when the soil pH is optimal for the plants being grown. It is important to match a plant to the soil pH or to adjust the soil pH to a plant’s needs. Soil pH is the measure of the soil’s acidity or alkalinity. Soil acidity and alkalinity is measured […] More

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    Adjusting Soil pH

    The results of a soil pH test will indicate how acid or alkaline your soil is. Organic soil amendments are the best way to adjust soil pH. Adjusting soil pH is not an exact science and takes time. A pH test number that is more than 0.5 on either side of the optimal pH number […] More

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    Understanding Soil pH

    Soil pH is the measure of the relative amount of soil acidity or alkalinity. A soil’s acidity or alkalinity can influence the availability of elements or mineral nutrients in the soil that support plant life and growth. Plant roots absorb the molecular forms of soil nutrients such as nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and boron. These […] More

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    How to Test Your Soil

    A soil test will tell you if the soil in your garden is rich or poor. Plants depend upon soil nutrients and moisture for growth. If the soil in your garden lacks nutrients, plants will grow poorly or die. The relative acidity or alkalinity effects how soil nutrients become available to plants. You can test […] More

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    Vegetable Garden Cleanup

    Clean the garden of plant debris and decaying vegetable matter at the end of the season to be sure insect pests and plant diseases do not overwinter in your garden. At the end of harvest or after the first hard frost, clean the garden and compost plant refuse or dispose of debris that is diseased […] More

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    Vegetable Garden Plant Hardiness

    Hardiness or cold-hardiness is a term used to denote a plant’s ability to withstand cold temperatures. Cold-hardiness commonly specifies the minimum temperature to which a plant can be exposed and still be able to resume growing. At the end of the growing season, tender and very tender vegetables must be protected from cold or they […] More

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    Row Covers Protect Plants from Chill

    Floating row covers and plant blankets are an easy way to protect crops from chilly nights and light frosts. Row covers and plant blankets are commonly made of lightweight spun-fabric cloth such as Reemay which lets water and light reach plants but keeps the chill off plants and warms the soil. You can use row […] More