When to Plant Carrots

Carrot seedlings

Carrots are commonly grown in spring, fall, and winter in warm-winter regions. Carrots can be grown through the summer in mild to cool summer regions and surplus can be stored for winter.

Carrots may be seeded as early in spring as the ground can be worked. Make successive sowings of carrots at intervals of about 3 weeks in order to have a continuous supply of tender carrots throughout the season.

Carrots will grow on almost any type of soil as long as it is moist, humus-rich, loose, and free from clods and stones. Sandy loams and peats are the best.

Cover carrot seed about ½ inch on moist soils; less, usually about ¼ inch, on heavy soils.

With care in seeding, carrots will require little thinning. Carrots can stand some crowding, especially in loose soils. However, carrots should grow no thicker than 10 to 15 plants per foot of row.

Standard carrots are Chantenay, Nantes, and Imperator.

Carrots should be harvested and stored before the first hard frost occurs; the roots may be injured by cold.

Carrots and onions

Planting dates for spring and summer harvest

(These dates are for the Northern Hemisphere)

Average date of the last frostPlanting dates
Jan. 30Jan. 1-Mar.1
Feb. 8Jan. 1-Mar.1
Feb. 18Jan. 15-Mar.1
Feb. 28Feb. 1-Mar. 1
Mar. 10Feb. 10-Mar. 15
Mar. 20Feb. 15-Mar. 20
Mar. 30Mar. 1-Apr. 10
Apr. 10Mar. 10-Apr. 20
Apr. 20Apr. 1- May 15
Apr. 30Apr. 10-June 1
May 10Apr. 20-June 15
May 20May 1-June 1
May 30May 1-June 1
June 10May 10-June 1
June 10May 20-June 1
Carrot harvest

Carrot planting details

  • Sowing depth: ¼ -½ inch (.6-1.2cm)
  • Space between plant after thinning: 1-3 inches (2.5-7cm)
  • Days to sprout: 12
  • Days to harvest: 70-85
  • Storage period: 2-3 weeks
  • Seeds per 100 row feet: ½ ounce (14g)
  • Yield per 100 row feet: 100 pounds (45 kilos)
  • Suggested Varieties: Chantenay, Nantes, Imperator, Touchon
  • Notes: Store where not too dry

Also of interest:

How to Grow Carrots

Carrots Seed Starting Tips

How to Grow Carrots Any Time of the Year in 5 Steps

Growing Carrots for Flavor

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.

How To Grow Tips

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How To Grow Peppers

How To Grow Broccoli

How To Grow Carrots

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How To Grow Peas

How To Grow Lettuce

How To Grow Cucumbers

How To Grow Zucchini and Summer Squash

How To Grow Onions

How To Grow Potatoes

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Turnip seedlings

When to Plant Turnips