Cool-Season Vegetable Varieties Listed

Garden bed cool season
Spring garden growing

Cool-season vegetable varieties are legion. Check with neighbors and friends to see which varieties they’ve had success with. After a season or two, you will find personal favorites.

Here are several varieties for autumn, winter, and spring planting. If you are growing in a cold frame, you can get any of these started between late autumn and early spring.

Cool-season vegetable varieties

  • Artichoke: Green Globe, Imperial Star; plant Dec-Apr (crown or plants).
  • Asparagus: Mary Washington, UC 157, UC 72 (seed or crown); plant Sept-Feb (crowns).
  • Beet: Albina Vereduna, Chioggia, Cylindra, Detroit Dark Red, Golden; plant Feb-Aug (seed).
  • Broccoli: Arcadia, De Cicco, Emperor, Green Comet, Green Goliath, Minaret, Packman, Premium Crop, Waltham29; plant  Feb-Mar, Jul-Aug (seed) Aug-Sept (transplants).
  • Brussels sprouts: Jade Cross;  Feb or July (seed).
  • Cabbage: Copenhagen Market, Earliana, Early Jersey Wakefield, Golden Acre, Red Rookie, Ruby Hall Hybrid, Savoy King; plant  Feb-Apr, Jul-Aug (seed), Sept (transplant).
  • Carrots: Chantenay, Danvers, Little Finger, Minicor, Nantes, Paris Market, Thumbelina; plant  Apr-May, Sept (seed).
  • Cauliflower: Cheddar, Early Snowball, Graffiti, Panther, Romanesco, Snow Crown; plant Feb-Mar, Jul-Aug (seed), Sept (transplant).
  •  Chard: Argentata, Bright Lights, Fordhook Giant, French White, Italian Silver Rib, Rhubarb Chard; plant year-round (seed or transplants).
  • Collards: Blue Max, Georgia, Vates; plant Mar, Sept-Oct.
  • Garlic: Burgundy, California Early, CaliforniaLate, Georgia Crystal, Inchelium Red, Rosewood, Susanville; plant Oct-Nov (cloves).
  • Kale: Curled, Dwarf Blue, Vates; plant Feb, Sept-Oct.
  • Kohlrabi: Early Purple Vienna, Grand Duke, Kohlibri, White Vienna; plant Feb-Apr, Aug-Sept (seed).
  • Lettuce: Black-seeded Simpson, Brune d’Hiver, Canasta, Capitaine, Esmeralda, Jericho, Loma, Marvel of Four Seasons, Merlot, Nancy, Nevada, Oakleaf, Prizehead, Red Ridinghood, Salad Bowl, Sangria, Red Sails, Sierra; plant Feb-Mar, Aug-Sept (seed), Oct (transplant).
  •  Mache (corn salad): plant Oct (seed).
  • Mustard: Florida Broadleaf, Mizuna, Red Giant, Savannah, Southern Giant Curled, Tender Green; plant Feb-Mar, Aug-Sept (seed), Sept-Oct (transplant).
  • Onion (bulbing): Early Yellow Globe, Fiesta, Granex types, Grano, Southport White Glove, Stockton Red, Sweet Sandwich, White Sweet Spanish, Yellow Sweet Spanish; plant Sept, Jan-Feb (seed).
  • Onion, green bunching : Southport White Globe, WhiteLisbon, White Sweet Spanish; plant  Mar-Apr (sets).
  • Peas: English peas: Green Arrow, Little Marvel, Wanda; Shelling: Little Marvel, Maestro, Tall Telephone; Sugar Snap: Sugar Daddy, Sugar Mel, Super Sugar Snap; plant Jul-Sept (seed).
  • Potato: Bintje, Caribe, Cobbler, Kennebec, Red Pontiac, Rose Finn Apple, YukonGold; plant Jan-Mar (seed potatoes).
  • Spinach: America, Bloomsdale Longstanding, Giant Nobel, Melody, Oriental Giant, Tyee F1, Viroflay, New Zealand (summer substitute); plant Sept-Apr (seed).
  • Turnip, greens: All Top, Seven Top; plant Aug-Sept, Feb-Apr (seed).
  • Turnip, roots: Amber Globe, De Milan, Purple Top, Scarlet Queen, Tokyo Hybrid, White Globe, White Lady; plant Aug-Sept, Feb-Apr (seed).

Written by Stephen Albert

Stephen Albert is a horticulturist, master gardener, and certified nurseryman who has taught at the University of California for more than 25 years. He holds graduate degrees from the University of California and the University of Iowa. His books include Vegetable Garden Grower’s Guide, Vegetable Garden Almanac & Planner, Tomato Grower’s Answer Book, and Kitchen Garden Grower’s Guide. His Vegetable Garden Grower’s Masterclass is available online. has more than 10 million visitors each year.

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How To Grow Onions

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